A Review of the Internationalization of Chinese Enterprises
Ilan Alon1, John Anderson2, Ziaul Haque Munim1, Alice Ho1
1School of Business and Law, University of Agder
2College of Business Administration, University of Northern Iowa
This article reviews the scholarly research on the internationalization of Chinese enterprises (ICE) through bibliometric citation analysis. We do so through a data visualization technique and analysis of 206 articles which are authored by 382 scholars in 72 different journals published between 2003-2016. The results reveal four research streams in the context of ICE: (1) testing traditional FDI theory, (2) location choice, (3) entry mode choice, and (4) drivers and motivations of internationalization. Journal of World Business is the most influential journal in ICE research followed by and Journal of International Business Studies and Asia Pacific Journal of Management. This indicates general International Business journals have taken the lead role in pushing the ICE literature stream forward, but geographically focused general Management journals, such as Asia Pacific Journal of Management, have also made a singular contribution. The impact of perspective, in terms of author and institution affiliation, on the literature set is also examined. Finally, issues related to data, methodological rigor and theoretical underpinnings are highlighted. To push forward the ICE literature, we proposed a holistic framework of drivers and motivations of Chinese outward FDI and present a few promising future research areas.
Keywords: bibliometric analysis, outward FDI, internationalization, literature review, citation map, China, emerging markets multinationals, emerging markets multinationals (EMM), meta-analysis