Impact of COVID-19 on the environment and vice-versa

In our recent study, we discussed the impact of COVID-19 on the environment and the impact of environment on COVID-19 transmission. Majority of published studies only focus on one side of the coin. The images presented below summarizes the relationships between environmental factors and COVID-19, which are grouped into four clusters. On the figures, positive (+) symbols indicate a positive relationship between the factors and negative (-) symbols indicate a negative relationship.

Cluster 1: COVID-19 and environmental degradation

Fig. 1

Cluster 2: COVID-19 and air pollution

Fig. 2

Cluster 3: COVID-19 and climate/meteorological factors

Fig. 3

Cluster 4: COVID-19 and the temperature

Fig. 4

For detail, please read full text. Cite as:

Shakil, M.H., Munim, Z.H., Tasnia, M., Sarowar, S. (2020). COVID-19 and the environment: A critical review and research agenda. Science of The Total Environment, 745 (141022),

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