# Sequence steps in LSTM modelling

In the context of Long Short-Term Memory (LSTM) models, particularly in sequence-based tasks, the term “steps” generally refers to **time steps** or **sequence steps**. These steps are crucial for understanding how LSTMs process sequential data, and they play a significant role in determining how the model is structured and trained.

### Understanding “Steps” in LSTM Modelling

**Time Steps**:- In sequence data, each element in the sequence corresponds to a specific point in time or position in the sequence. These are called time steps.
- For example, in a sequence of stock prices over several days, each day’s price is a time step. If you have a sequence of 10 days of prices, the LSTM will process this sequence across 10 time steps.

**Input Shape and Steps**:- When feeding data into an LSTM, the input typically has three dimensions:
**(samples, time steps, features)**. **Samples**: The number of sequences you have.**Time Steps**: The length of each sequence (the number of elements or time points in each sequence).**Features**: The number of features at each time step (e.g., if you’re using more than one variable per time step, like both stock price and volume).- For instance, if you have a dataset of 100 sequences (samples), each containing 10 time steps (e.g., 10 days of data), and each time step has 2 features (e.g., price and volume), the input shape would be (100, 10, 2).

- When feeding data into an LSTM, the input typically has three dimensions:
**Sequence Length**:- The term “steps” can also be thought of as the sequence length. The longer the sequence (i.e., more time steps), the more context the LSTM has to understand patterns over time. However, longer sequences can also make training more complex and computationally intensive.

**Training and Steps**:- During training, LSTM models learn to predict the next value in a sequence based on the input from previous time steps. The steps parameter determines how far back the model looks in the sequence to make its predictions.
- For instance, if you’re predicting the next word in a sentence, the LSTM might consider the previous 5 words (5 time steps) to predict the 6th word.

**Applications**:- The concept of steps is critical in various applications like time series forecasting, natural language processing, and any other domain where sequences are important. The number of steps can influence the model’s ability to capture temporal dependencies.

### Example in Practice:

Suppose you’re using LSTM to predict weather conditions based on past data, where each time step might represent one hour, and your sequence is 24 hours long. Here, the “steps” in your LSTM model would refer to these 24 hours (time steps) of data that the model uses to learn patterns and make predictions about the weather in the next hour.

In summary, “steps” in LSTM modeling refer to the time points or sequence positions that the LSTM processes to learn patterns and dependencies in sequential data.